Category: Science & Engineering

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Quadrotor: Simplifications for, “Classical” Controller Design

Quadrotor: Simplifications for, “Classical” Controller Design

The last few posts covered each of three dynamic details separately: Gyroscopic effect of the rigid body (the entire quadcopter). Gyroscopic effect of the spinning propellers. Propeller thrust and drag effects. We’re going to use all of this information as we look at controlling the flight of a quadcopter, but first we’re going to make …

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Quadrotor Roll, Pitch and Yaw Axis Lead Compensation (PID)

Quadrotor Roll, Pitch and Yaw Axis Lead Compensation (PID)

In the last post I simplified the model to arrive at a transfer function representing the roll and pitch axes independently for our ‘+’ shaped quadrotor. The following video explains how we stabilize this inherently unstable system. The PDF that follows is produced from the Maple document I review in the video. This, “lead-compensator” design …

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Simulation Methods: Double Integrator Example

Simulation Methods: Double Integrator Example

In the last post I focused on placing the lead zero for the roll and pitch axes based on the limit imposed by a second double-pole our plant introduces via the motor-propeller, ‘A’ term. I neglected to calculate the proportional gain required for unity-gain crossover at the frequency of maximum phase margin. I also did …

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Quadrotor Control: State-Space Model

Quadrotor Control: State-Space Model

I covered, “PID” (Proportional-Integral-Differential) or, “classical” controller designs for the quadrotor platform in a post last fall…time flies! We really only employ the P and the D elements. The, ‘D’ is the, “lead compensator”. The proportional gain P is the last step and you can see how this design technique is performed in that post. This is …

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